Maple (Hard)

Common Name(s)
Hard Maple, Sugar Maple, Rock Maple
Scientific Name
Acer saccharum
Tree Distribution
Northeastern North America
Tree Size
80-115 ft. tall, 2-3 ft trunk diameter
Janka Hardness
1450 lbf
Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of Hard Maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. Birdseye Maple is a figure found most commonly in Hard Maple, though it’s also found less frequently in other species. Hard Maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns.
Grain / Texture
Grain is generally straight, but may be wavy. Has a fine, even texture.
Pricing / Availability
Should be moderately priced, though slightly more expensive than Soft Maple. Also, figured pieces such as birdseye, curl, or quilt are likely to be much more expensive.

- Information cited from